Tesla Model Y Range: EPA Estimates & Real-World Performance


The Tesla Model Y, despite the Cybertruck stealing the headlines, is Tesla’s top-selling vehicle, claiming the title of the best-selling vehicle in the world in 2023 and the most popular EV in America. With 109,000 units sold in the US in Q1 2024, it ranks as the fourth best-selling vehicle nationwide. Prospective owners often wonder about the Model Y’s range before considering anything else.

Why Does It Matter?

The EPA estimates that the 2024 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD can reach 308 miles, while the Performance AWD model has a range of 279 miles. The Long Range RWD model’s official number is not available, but Tesla suggests a range of 320 miles. However, these figures differ from 2023 due to the EPA’s revised testing methodology for EV range, now taking into account best and worst-case energy usage settings. In reality, the range will be less when the vehicle is in use.

Factors such as wheel size and weather also play significant roles in affecting the Model Y’s range. Opting for larger wheels can decrease the range, and cold weather can reduce it by up to 32%, as shown by Consumer Reports testing in 2022. Additionally, highway driving is less efficient for the Model Y compared to city driving, as observed in Car and Driver testing back in 2020.

How Is It Going to Shape the Future?

Understanding the various factors that affect the Tesla Model Y’s range is crucial for prospective owners. Despite impressive EPA estimates, real-world performance can differ significantly, especially in adverse conditions like cold weather or highway driving. Being aware of these nuances can help owners make informed decisions and better manage their expectations when it comes to the Model Y’s range and overall performance.